Testicular cancer forms in a man’s testicles, the two egg-shaped glands that produce sperm and testosterone. Testicular cancer mainly affects young men between the ages of 20 and 39. It is also more common in men who:
- Have had abnormal testicle development
- Have had an undescended testicle
- Have a family history of the cancer
Symptoms include pain, swelling or lumps in your testicles or groin area. Most causes can be treated, especially if it is found early. Treatment options include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. Regular exams after treatment are important. Treatments may also cause infertility. If you may want children later on, you should consider sperm banking before treatment.
is one of the tests more often used to confirm or rule out testicular cancer. An ultrasound test is a noninvasive procedure that uses reflected sound waves to produce an image of organs and other structures in the body. Unlike many other imaging tests, an ultrasound does not use X-rays or other types of possibly harmful radiation.
Testicular cancer can be very successfully treated in 95% of cases. If you present any signs or symptoms of testicular cancer you must go to your doctor who will carry out the necessary tests to make an accurate diagnosis.
Ultrasound can show whether or not there are abnormalities in the scrotum. High frequency waves called a sonogram can show the presence of a testicular tumor even when it is very small and undetectable by physical examination.